Larger problems facing constituents and communities are rarely solved by one organization. That is why so many organizations are involved in coalitions, networks, collaborations and alliances. This reflects how critical it is to understand that social change requires that individual organizations work together to achieve long-term impact. This section includes resources that reflect a variety of approaches including networks, collaboration and “Collective Impact.” Learn more in the Coordination, Collaboration, and Collective Impact section of the Nonprofits Integrating Community Engagement (NICE) Guide.

Guide to Evaluating Collective Impact

Follow this link to find the “Guide to Evaluating Collective Impact” report and a supplement with sample questions, outcomes, and indicators. Accessing this resource requires you to join FSG, which is free, and which we recommend.


Community Democracy Workshop

The Kettering Foundation hosted the Community Democracy Workshop that explored issues relating to community collaboration. Included were: assumptions and beliefs about learning and knowledge building; the various approaches to community engagement; and, the relative value and effectiveness of these approaches to advancing community democracy. These notes from the meeting provide a structure for delving into these issues and can be adapted for working with any organization.


Case Study: Road Map Project

This case study, written by FSG, focuses on the Road Map Project, a collective impact initiative focused on doubling the number of students on track to graduate with a postsecondary degree or credential in the urban South Seattle region by 2020, as well as to close achievement gaps. This case study provides collective impact backbone organizations, funders, and partners with an overview of the initiative and key lessons learned.


The Road Map Project – Measuring Success

This overview from the Road Map Project might be used as a case study when preparing for an evaluation plan.


The Continuum of Collaboration

The Continuum of Collaboration is a chart that illustrates the spectrum of informal or time-limited collaboration to longer-term strategic alliances. This can help your alliance to come to an understanding. It can be used in an activity to further the understanding of the different types of organizing and when each is most effective.


Putting Community in Collective Impact

Published in the Stanford Social Innovation Review and written by Richard C. Harwood, the founder and president of The Harwood Institute for Public Innovation, this paper makes the case for including community in cross-sector, high impact efforts from the perspective of Collective Impact. It includes questions for consideration and could be used to spark a goal setting session.


The New Community Collaborative Manual

This manual provides information, tools and examples for collaboratives across developmental stages. Newer groups can benefit from the “how-to” sections and more established collaboratives will benefit from learning through more complex discussions.


Resources for Learning: Collaboration

This resource describes the elements of collaboration and includes links to information, fact sheets, and articles about collaboration.